Trauma

No body likes injuries but the fact of life is injuries do happen to all of us and knowing how do deal with injuries properly can help prevent complications and/or further injury.  In the medical realm, injuries are called trauma.  Trauma is basically any physical insult to the body (i.e. an injury.  Trauma is generally classified in two basic and general categories.  

Blunt trauma refers to any injury to the body where the object injuring the body does not penetrate the skin.  Examples of blunt trauma can include, hitting your finger with a hammer, falling from a ladder or being hit by a car.  Blunt trauma can be potentially very serious.  While a person suffering blunt trauma may appear fairly normal after being injured, the injury itself has the potential to damage bones, muscles, iternal organs etc.

Penetrating trauma, as its name suggests, refers to any injury where the skin is broken.  Examples of penetrating trauma can include a broken bone that has penetrated the skin, being stabbed, or being cut by a knife.  In each of these cases the skin is broken and the person experiences potentially severe bleeding.  While very serious, penetrating trauma is generally less life threatening than blunt trauma

The following are several descriptions of general injuries and suggested methods of treatment:

Neck injury - Neck injuries can potentially be very serious injuries.  The spinal cord, the main nerve in the body, runs through the spinal column in the neck.  During a moderate to severe blow to the head or neck a bone in the spinal column may be broken.  If not treated carefully, the spinal cord is at risk for injury resulting in paralysis.  With any head or neck injury it is best to hold your neck still or have someone hold your neck still and seek emergency medical help.  

Broken bone - Broken bones can be a relatively common injury resulting from moderate to severe trauma.  Broken bones will heal and need to be properly set by trained medical personnel.  At times the broken bone can lacerate local blood vessels and nerves.  It is vital that in this case emergency medical care be sought immediately to restore circulation and sensation to the injured extremity.

Laceration - A laceration is the medical term for a basic cut or disruption of the integrity of the skin.  Because of the high degree of vascularity in the skin, lacerations are capable of moderate to severe bleeding.  Superficial lacerations most probably will bleed from capillaries in the skin resulting in a slow, oozing cut.  Deeper lacerations, depending on location, are subject to bleeding from veins or arteries.  Veins will bleed at a constant rate but more extensively than capillaries.  Arterial bleeding is the most severe.  It bleeds in spurts and the blood is bright red in color.  Blood has the capability to form a clot at a cut that will stop the bleeding process.  Superficial cuts will often clot over with little help.  To stop bleeding from a severe laceration you need to apply pressure and elevate the injury, preferably above the level of the heart.  Moderate to severe lacerations will need medical attention and possibly stitches to close the wound.

This page is meant for public education in basic medical safety issues.  The Cedarville Township Fire Department is not responsible for any further complications resulting from improper use of information contained on this page.




Cedarville Township Volunteer Fire Department
19 South St.
Cedarville, OH, 45314
Phone: 937-766-5851 - Email: ctvfd@woh.rr.com